China's New Trade Mark Law: Implications for International Brand Protection Strategy
Jennifer M. Mikulina
Keeping current with changes to Chinese trade mark laws is critical for businesses that must protect and enforce trade mark rights in China. For the third time in 21 years, the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China has revised the Chinese trade mark law.
Controlling Costs in International Arbitration
Arbitration is an efficient means for resolving business disputes because it offers more flexibility than court proceedings and enables the parties to choose arbitrators experienced in a domain relevant to the disputes. In principle, arbitral awards are enforceable, with only limited grounds for objection, in more than 150 jurisdictions that have ratified the New York Convention on Recognition and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards of 1958.
Investors in Africa Benefit from Regional Trading Blocs
An investor new to Africa needs to understand not only the relevant local laws but also the applicable regional arrangements. Africa has multiple regional trading blocs, some of which provide significant advantages for investors.
Latin American Private Equity on the Rise
According to recent figures provided by the Latin American Private Equity and Venture Capital Association, 2013 was a record year for private equity in Latin America, with approximately US$8.9 billion of total investments (a six-year high and a 13 percent increase over 2012), US$5.5 billion of funds raised and US$3.7 billion in proceeds generated by exits. The data also show that the market is still dominated by Brazil (with 43 percent of funds raised and 68 percent of total amount invested), while Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru continue to experience increasing activity.
Protecting Your UK Business Against Departing Employees
Departing employees can represent a significant threat to a business. This is particularly so in the case of senior managers and employees who have access to confidential information or who exert influence over key relationships with actual or prospective customers, suppliers or key members of staff.
Understanding the COMESA Merger Control Regime
The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) was formed in 1994 by a treaty among 19 African countries: Burundi, Comoros, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi (where COMESA is based), Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Its objective was to create a common market. COMESA has a wide range of priorities, but its primary focus is achieving regional economic integration.
Environmental Regulatory Developments Affecting Coal Mining in the United States
The United States has ample coal deposits, but mining companies and their investors must contend with a growing number of environmental regulations that might affect the value of the deposits.
Legal Developments Affecting Mining in Africa
Following the introduction of attractive legal provisions for investors in the early 2000s, the legal environment applicable to mining activities in Africa has seen increasing supranational and domestic legislation and regulations intended to better take into account the interests of the state and the local population.